- German church cantata based in music and text on a Lutheran chorale melody, in several self-contained movements. In its strict sense, no text foreign to the chorale is used, and a chorale cantata per omnes versus sets all its strophes, with the same melody in varying musical textures as the melodic foundation for each movement (e.g., Cantata BWV 4 of Johann Sebastian Bach). More loosely, the term includes those cantatas that make explicit use of a chorale melody in at least one movement.
Historical dictionary of sacred music. Joseph P. Swain. 2006.
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cantata — /keuhn tah teuh/, n. 1. a choral composition, either sacred and resembling a short oratorio or secular, as a lyric drama set to music but not to be acted. 2. a metrical narrative set to recitative or alternate recitative and air, usually for a… … Universalium
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Chorale — Borrowed from the German, where it connotes sacred singing, in English it refers more precisely to Lutheran congregational vernacular hymns and their four voice harmonizations. Martin Luther enthusiastically promoted the chorale as a central… … Historical dictionary of sacred music
Chorale Motet — Vocal polyphonic composition based exclusively on the text and melody of a Lutheran chorale, in one throughcomposed movement or several short ones, dating from the end of the 16th century. Typically, each phrase of the melody serves as a point … Historical dictionary of sacred music
Cantata — A cantata (derived from the Italian word cantare meaning to sing ) is a vocal composition with an instrumental accompaniment and often containing more than one movement. Historical contextThe term did not exist prior to the 16th century, when all … Wikipedia